Sunday, August 26, 2012

Global BPaaS Market 2012- Future Outlook: Growth driver for Indian IT vendors

Everest Group defines Business-Process-as-a-Service (BPaaS) as a model in which buyers receive standardized business processes on a pay-as-you-go basis by accessing a shared set of resources – people, application, and infrastructure – from a single provider. Advantages of BPaaS model includes potential cost reductions, efficiency in operations, access to best expertise, processes and technologies, and also allows the businesses to focus on the core processes by outsourcing the support functions and this is particularly benefit for SMBs and also Large organizations. According to Everest Group research, BPaaS delivers 35-40% cost savings for small businesses, 25-30% cost savings for medium size businesses and 10% cost savings for large enterprises over the traditional IT+BPO model. Many times there is confusion between SaaS and BPaaS, Gartner clarifies SaaS is an offering that enables a business process and it delivers a fully managed application that client uses to deliver a business outcome whereas BPaaS is a cloud service that delivers a business process and it delivers the business outcome for the client. Forrester is predicting BPaaS will grow from $0.53 B in 2011 to $10.02 B in 2020.

According to Gartner report “Forecast: Public Cloud Services, Worldwide, 2010-2016, 2Q12 Update (ID:G00234814)”, Gartner predicted that BPaaS will grow from $84.1B in 2012 to $144.7B in 2016, generating a global CAGR of 15%. Of the eight subsegments Gartner is tracking in the BPaaS forecast, Cloud Payments (17.8%) Cloud Advertising (17.1%) and Industry Operations (15.1%) are expected to have the greatest CAGR in revenues generated by 2016. In terms of revenue generated, Cloud Advertising is projected to grow from $43.1B in 2011 to $95B in 2016, generating 17.1% CAGR in revenue growth through 2016. Cloud Payments are forecast to grow from $4.7B in 2011 to $10.6B in 2016, generating a CAGR of 17.8% worldwide. E-Commerce Enablement using BPaaS-based platforms is expected to grow from $4.7B in 2011 to $9B in 2016, generating a 13.6% CAGR in revenue globally. Gartner 2011 Annual Survey of 610 Organizations highlights the fact that organizations are currently using or planning to use business process utility (BPU) or BPaaS for BPO exceed 60%.

Most of the Indian IT Vendors including BPO Vendors have developed their own BPaaS offerings and are actively offering them to their clients as these offerings fall under the nonlinear revenue model category that will allow vendors to charge premium pricing leading to higher margins and also fueled by economic slowdown, manpower issues and changing client needs wherein they are looking at outsourcing vendors as business partners who will help them improve both Topline and bottom line. TCS, Infosys, Cognizant Technology, Wipro, HCL Technologies, Genpact, WNS, etc. are all offering BPaaS services or Platform BPO offerings. These services have been developed for the past ten years and Indian IT Vendors are branding these offerings and successfully offering them to their clients. Platform BPO is a win-win offering for both the clients and vendors as they improve their process and service delivery and they will earn more from their clients on outcome basis. There has been significant demand from the Small & Medium Business segment but slowly the large business organizations too are significantly increasing their adoption of the BPaaS.

Sunday, August 12, 2012

Global IaaS Industry 2011& Forecast 2014-2016 – Slow adoption by large Enterprises

Infrastructure as a Service is a cloud computing model in which the service provider owns the equipment (Hardware like Storage, Servers, Networking Equipment, etc.  & Software) and is responsible for housing, running and maintaining it and the client typically pays on a per-use basis.  Major players in the IaaS market include Leaders like Amazon Wen Services, Savvis, CSC, Terremark, Bluelock; Challengers like Navisite, Opsource, IBM, GoGrid; Visionaries like Rackspace, Joyent and Niche players like, Tier3, AT&T, Tata Communications, SoftLayer, iland, Carpathia Hosting, Datapipe and Virtacore Systems, according to Gartner Magic Quadrant December 2011. Gartner predicts IaaS is a fast growing market as players like Google & Microsoft entered this market and in future this market will be 1/3rd of the hosting market. Gartner also forecasts the IaaS market will generate $24.4B in revenue in 2016 from $5.6B in revenue in 2011 and IaaS is expected to grow by over $20B with a CAGR of 41.7% in the forecast period globally. The Compute sub segment is expected to see the greatest revenue growth globally, growing from $3.3B in 2011 to $20.2B in 2016, generating a 43.2% CAGR and other two sub segments CAGR growth - Storage (36.6%) and Print (16%).

Forrester predicts that IaaS market will initially grow for next few years but the market is expected to decline in the long term. Forrester’s report, “Sizing the Cloud”, highlights that IaaS is the second largest public cloud category with a $2.9 billion market size and “IaaS will reach a peak of $5.9 billion in global revenues in 2014 and will then enter a period of significant commoditization, price deterioration and margin pressure and between 2014 and 2020, as a result, the IaaS market will first stagnate and then decline, with total market revenues of $4.8 billion in 2020,” according to Forrester analysts Stefan Ried and Holger Kisker. Yankee Group analysts suggest IaaS might represent $2 billion to $3 billion, globally. IDC also estimates IaaS will decline to $15 billion in 2014 and most of the analysts believe the IaaS market will be larger than the PaaS market and IaaS is one of the most talked about in the cloud space, which saw several important improvements, such as changes in pricing strategies, the appearance of new smaller players, and the entrance of some technology heavyweights.

Enterprise Strategy Group survey published in January 2012 highlights that of more than 600 enterprise and mid-market companies globally; only 27% said they were using public cloud IaaS services. That's up 10% from a similar survey published in early 2011. But 28% of respondents said they have no immediate plans to jump into the cloud, and another 24% said they haven't pulled the trigger on a cloud deployment yet, but plan to at some point in 2012. SMBs are at the forefront of IaaS adoption totally for IT infrastructure needs but large enterprises are selective in adoption and using public IaaS primarily for these specific use cases: R&D projects, load testing, move non critical legacy applications from expensive on premise to off premise, build & deploy new apps and as part of SaaS or PaaS usage. With some of the large enterprises that selectively adopted IaaS couple of years back and who effectively utilized it are becoming test cases for more large enterprises to adopt IaaS within their organizations. There are also concerns that the pricing has not fallen for some time till now but with the entry of more players particularly Large IT players, businesses can expect more choice of offerings and reduction in prices.